Silk Production Process, care & health benefits
Commercial silks originate from reared silkworm pupae, which are bred to produce a white-colored silk thread with no mineral on the surface. Silkworm larvae are fed with mulberry leaves, and, after the fourth moult, they climb a twig placed near them and spin their silken cocoons. The silk is a continuous filament comprising fibroin protein, secreted from two salivary glands in the head of each larva, and a gum called sericin, which cements the filaments. The silkworm spins approximately one mile of filament and completely encloses itself in a cocoon in about two or three days. The sericin is removed by placing the cocoons in hot water, which frees the silk filaments and readies them for reeling. This is known as the degumming process.
The immersion in hot water also kills the silkworm pupa. The pupae are killed by either dipping them in boiling water before the adult moths emerge or by piercing them with a needle. These factors all contribute to the ability of the whole cocoon to be unravelled as one continuous thread, permitting a much stronger cloth to be woven from the silk. Single filaments are combined to form thread, which is drawn under tension through several guides and wound onto reels. The threads may be plied to form yarn. The amount of usable quality silk in each cocoon is small. As a result, about 2500 silkworms are required to produce a pound of raw silk.
The best-known silk is obtained from the cocoons of the larvae of the mulberry silkworm Bombyx mori reared in captivity (sericulture). The shimmering appearance of silk is due to the triangular prism-like structure of the silk fibre, which allows silk cloth to refract incoming light at different angles, thus producing different colors.
With its shimmering appearance and smooth texture, silk has been enticing Indians for a long time now. So much so that today India ranks as the largest consumer of this fabric. Silk is often used for clothing such as shirts, ties, blouses, high fashion clothes, lining, lingerie, pajamas, robes, dress suits etc.
- Because of its natural protein structure, silk is the most hypoallergenic of all fabrics. For people with skin allergies, silk is an excellent material alternative because it has long, smooth fibers that do not rub or irritate areas of the skin.
- It is an all-climate fabric. Silk's absorbency makes it comfortable to wear in warm weather and while active. Its low conductivity keeps warm air close to the skin during cold weather. Silk garments thus outperform other fabrics in both summer and winter.
According to doctors, women suffering from Hot flashes (symptoms of menopause), are advised to use pure silk scarves, dresses and bedsheets etc.
Silk is highly absorbent and dries quickly. It can absorb up to 30% of its weight in moisture without feeling damp. Silk will absorb perspiration while letting your skin breathe
- Silk is excellent as clothing that protects from many biting insects that would ordinarily pierce clothing, such as mosquitoes and horseflies.
Use of scarves: Being hand crafted, these luxurious scarves are meant for one side use only.
Momme Weight: Japanese unit of measure traditionally used to describe the weight of the silk fabric. One momme is equal to about 4.33 grams per square meter. Normally, the higher the momme weight, the more durable the weave, the more luxurious the fabric is.
Silk quality: High Quality luxurious 100% pure Indian silk with 12 momme weight or more.
Care : For best results dry wash is recommended for our silk/tussar silk scarves.
Color: Color of scarves can be slightly different from photographs due to the lighting during photo shooting or the monitor's display.